What is Social Engineering – How to avoid Social Engineering Attack

Social engineering is a type of cyber attack, in which a cyber attacker uses psychological tactics and strategies, as well as relationships with people. They try to get the user’s password, bank account number and PIN code and amount.

They are also succeeding in this. It is usually easier to win a person’s trust by attracting them than by hacking.

So Cyber ​​Attackers allow you to download enticing messages, music, movies for free and at the same time secretly install malicious software on the computer to gain access to the computer user and take control of the computer.

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Similarly, cyber attackers use cyber attacks to fool and intimidate people into obtaining passwords. In this way, they even try to get money deposited in their account from the bank and succeed in trapping such people directly.

Cyber-attackers send emails, use fake websites that look like real ones, send messages and even use phone calls, and win people’s trust through psychological activities. Social engineering is the act of deceiving, stealing and selling data directly to the user and damaging the value and reputation of the organization financially.

To carry out a social engineering attack, cyber attackers use phishing emails, telephone / mobile conversations (Vishing), pen drives (USB Sticks), websites (Internet freebies), physical access (Physical impersonation) and electronic waste (Electronics). Waste) is used as a medium.

How to avoid social engineering attack?

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Don’t reply to suspicious emails as they may be phishing emails.

Do not click on suspicious attachments of emails and links found in them.

To search and identify the authenticity of the sender by hovering the crosser in the email address and the link embedded in the email.

Generally not providing sensitive information in telephone / mobile conversations.

Don’t give your personal details to the caller under the pretext of gift, lottery, working visa etc.

If there is any doubt about the caller ID, message sending ID and shirt code, search and identify the authenticity.

If there is any doubt about the name of the caller, the name of the organizational unit or an external company, take some time to search and send your details only after identifying the authenticity.

Pen drives (USB sticks) can be attacked by putting malicious software such as viruses, key loggers, trojans, ransomware, so use the pen drive only after scanning for viruses.

Usually do not use pen drives (USB sticks) on very important infrastructure (sensitive infrastructure like servers).

If an unfamiliar pen drive (USB Sticks) is found, do not use it on your computer and do not open the contents of such pen drive (USB Sticks).

Provide your personal details only by identifying the official website.

Do not download and use cracked and pirated software.

Don’t use unsafe websites like Emu, BitTorrent, Araj.

Don’t use insecure websites (Internet freebies) that offer various offers of movies, songs, music videos, software, books, etc. for free.

Keep passwords and physical locks on workplace computers.

Accurately identify a person before giving them any access to their computer or device.

You need to arrange proper security guard in the workplace.

Manage to do electronic waste disposal.

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Since even electronic materials that do not work can contain sensitive details, such materials should not be disposed of indiscriminately and should be disposed only by destroying sensitive details.

Dispose of expired electronic cards such as ID cards, ATM cards, access cards, etc. before disposing of any details from those cards.

Only dispose of electronic data on useless hard disk pen drives, memory sticks and USB flash drives.

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